A developmentally age appropriate program for youth, ages 5–7, that is noncompetitive, educational, activity-based, cooperative-learning centered, safe and success-oriented.Learn about 4-H Cloverbuds
What is the 4-H Cloverbud program?
The Cloverbud program provides age appropriate activities designed for this age group in order to foster the development of life skills needed for cognitive, social, emotional and physical development by providing cooperative learning activities (Fleming et al., 2003). The 4-H Cloverbud program is designed to be noncompetitive, educational, activity-based, cooperative-learning centered, safe, developmentally age-appropriate and success-oriented (Scheer, 1997).
Who can be a Cloverbud?
2018-2019 4-H Year Last year of current West Virginia State Department of Education Policy – August 30 birthday
- Starting age is based off of 4-H Year (October 1, 2018 through September 30, 2019)
- First year to participate as a Cloverbud is if they turn 6 years old during the 4-H year
- Last year to participate as a Cloverbud is if they turn 8 years old during the 4-H year
2019-2020 4-H Year
New West Virginia State Department of Education Policy Goes Into Effect (K)
- Starting age now based off of age on June 30
- First year to participate as a Cloverbud is if they are 5 years old on June 30 – prior to the 4-H year they are starting. (Matches new West Virginia State Department of Education policy for starting K in 2019)
- Last year to participate as a Cloverbud is if they turn 8 during the 4-H year (for kids who would have come in under the old school-age policy)
Differences between 4-H Cloverbuds and 4-H members
Cloverbuds (5- to 7-year olds)
4-H Members (8- to 21-year olds)
Type of Learning
||Activity Centered||Project Centered
Type of Instruction
||Self-study, Individual, & Leader Directed
||Recognition of Participation
||Competition & Achievement
||Activity Manual for Helpers
||Project Manual for Youths
What happens at a Cloverbud meeting?
Cloverbud members can be integrated into a regular club meeting with older 4-H members or a separate club involving Cloverbud members only. Either way, the meeting structure for Cloverbuds should run the same. Each activity should be short (5 to 10 minutes) and a meeting for Cloverbuds should last no longer than 60 minutes, preferably 30 to 45 minutes.
It is recommended that Cloverbuds take part in regular 4-H club meetings during the pledges and roll call, and then leave the meeting to do Cloverbud activities during the business portion of the meeting. Then, they should return to the club meeting to participate in recreation, programs, songs and refreshments.
Question: Can Cloverbuds participate in county contests such as County Roundup or the Poster Contest?
Answer: Yes. Cloverbuds are welcome to participate noncompetitively in
county activities like Roundup and poster contests. There should be a Cloverbud
category for these contests that is set
up for all participants to receive the same recognition for their participation. Nothing should be judged. These Cloverbud opportunities stay at the county level and do not move to the state level.
Question: Can Cloverbuds exhibit at the County Fair?
Answer: Yes. Cloverbuds are encouraged to showcase something from their 4-H
Cloverbud activities. Examples include something that they made during an activity;
a poster/trifold showcasing
one or more Cloverbud activities; or notebook/ scrapbook of their Cloverbud activities. Cloverbud exhibits can be done individually or as a group. All exhibits created by Cloverbuds should be noncompetitive.
All Cloverbuds participating should receive the same recognition (ribbon, certificate, premium, incentive, award, etc.). Because county fair categories may be governed by a local fair board, reach out to your county Extension office to learn more opportunities for Cloverbuds to showcase their work.
Question: Can Cloverbuds complete a 4-H project?
Answer: No. The 4-H projects are used with regular 4-H members. Project books
are typically completed independently by the 4-H member and graded competitively.
The Cloverbud program should be activity-centered and encourage cooperative learning
amongst Cloverbuds. Some Cloverbud programs will organize their activities into
a notebook/scrapbook. Try to use terms like “notebook” or “activity book” to describe
such a booklet. “Project book” is not a term that should be used with Cloverbuds.
Question: Can Cloverbuds exhibit livestock?
Answer: No, West Virginia 4-H Cloverbuds are not allowed to exhibit livestock. Kansas’ 4-H program explains it well:
“The 4-H Cloverbuds program is tailored to youth, with concerns for a child’s physical,
mental and emotional development. The physical difference in stature between a
child and livestock can endanger a child. A child’s maturity level and lack of
understanding of animal behaviors also can increase the risk to the child. And,
while a child may seem capable of handling livestock on the family farm and/or
in familiar settings, managing livestock in a public setting can add stress and
increase the risks for the child, the livestock and others who may be in the area.
Allowing a young child to exhibit livestock in a public arena also increases the
liability for all concerned.” (Kansas 4-H Office, n.d.)
Question: Can Cloverbuds go to camp?
Answer: Cloverbuds may attend day camps specifically designed to meet their
developmental characteristics and needs. A Cloverbud day camp involves youths for
one day, or a series of days, at a camp-like setting where educational, hands-on
activities occur. Day camps for Cloverbuds should have a minimum adult to camper
ratio of one adult per every six youths with a minimum of two adults. Overnight
camping with Cloverbuds is not permitted in the West Virginia 4-H program.
Question: How can I recognize Cloverbuds?
Answer: Cloverbuds should be recognized for their participation in 4-H activities. Typical forms of formal recognition include ribbons and certificates. However, more informal recognition, like applause or a How How during a club meeting or activity, is also appropriate. Since Cloverbuds are noncompetitive, all participants should receive the same recognition (ribbon, certificate, premium, incentive, award, etc.).
Many county 4-H programs have invested in special Cloverbud ribbons that are different in color or style than ribbons used for regular 4-H member recognition. Some counties recognize Cloverbuds who are aging out of the program and moving on to become a regular 4-H member with a
Cloverbud pin to recognize their participation in the Cloverbud program.
Clover Kids/Cloverbuds Study Group (2018). Findings from National Survey and Research Review. Program Leader’s Working Group (unpublished report)
Ferrari, T.M., Hogue, C.A., Scheer, S.D. (2004) Parents' Perceptions of Life Skills Development in the 4-H Cloverbud Program. Journal of Extension [Online], 42 (3). Available at: https://www.joe.org/joe/2004june/rb6.php
Fleming, K. et al. (2003). NYS 4-H Cloverbud Leader Handbook. Cornell Cooperative Extension, 6/2003. Available at: http://chemung.cce.cornell.edu/resources/4-h-cloverbud-handbook
Kansas 4-H Office. (n.d.). Kansas 4-H Cloverbuds’ Tips for Parents and Children. K-State Research and Extension. Available at: http://www.kansas4-h.org/get-involved/cloverbuds/docs/Cloverbuds_Tips_for_Parents_and_Children.pdf
Murray, J., Blosser, N., Deem, S., Johnson, A., Smith, J. (2018) West Virginia 4-H Cloverbud Survey. West Virginia University Extension Service (unpublished report)
Ohio 4-H Youth Development. (n.d.). Learn about Ohio Cloverbuds.
Ohio State University Extension. Available at:
Scheer, S.D. (1997). Program parameters for 5- to 8-year-old children in 4-H. Journal of Extension [Online], 35(4). Available at: http://www.joe.org/joe/1997august/a2.html