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Gardening

A bountiful garden is desirable resource. With WVU Extension Service expert advice, learn how to maintain a variety of gardens.

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    Gardening Guide

    male and female gardeners hand touching seedling black crate

    Container Gardening

    Growing plants in containers is a great option for anyone limited by space, mobility or soil conditions.

    close up of hand watering plant

    Gardening with Limited Space

    Many people do not have a large area to grow a traditional vegetable garden. However, even those who live in a small apartment or have a shared outdoor space can grow vegetables, flowers and herbs in window boxes, small planters or hanging baskets.

    person raking leaves to get lawn and garden ready for fall

    Getting Ready for Fall

    Putting the garden to bed in fall is the first step to a successful garden the following spring. Around the lawn, fall also makes a good time for some general cleanup and preparation for next year.

    Five Recommendations to Prepare for Next Year
    Three Fall Cleanup Tasks for Next Spring
    close up of basil leaves

    Growing Basil

    Basil is seeded or transplanted outside after the last frost in spring in West Virginia (late May) or earlier if started in a high or low tunnel.

    Planting Basil
    Basil Care & Maintenance
    Harvesting Basil
    a clump of beets

    Growing Beets

    Beets should be seeded early or late enough in the year to grow under cool weather conditions in West Virginia which favors both yield and quality.

    Choosing a Beet
    Planting Beets
    Growing Beets in High or Low Tunnels
    Beet Variety Selection
    Harvesting Your Beets
    various heads of cauliflower in white, yellow and purple in a green bin

    Growing Cauliflower

    Cauliflower can be grown as a spring or fall crop and it grows best in cool growing environments. Learn suggested varieties for West Virginia.

    Watermelons up close.

    Growing Melons

    Many melon varieties are well-suited to West Virginia’s climate and growing season. When choosing a variety to grow, consider the length of your growing season as well as your flavor preference.

    Melon Production
    Nutrition of Melons
    Choosing Melons
    Melon Varieties
    Other Considerations for Melons
    Popcorn growing on the stalk.

    Growing Popcorn

    Two types of popcorn are grown: pearl and rice. Pearl popcorn has round smooth kernels, while rice popcorn kernels are elongated.

    Growing Popcorn
    Pollination Considerations for Popcorn
    Popcorn Cultivars
    Disease Concern for Popcorn
    Harvest of Popcorn
    Popcorn Storage
    Popcorn Nutrition & Cooking Considerations
    pumpkin sitting in a pumpkin patch

    Growing Pumpkins

    Pumpkins are members of the cucurbit family, which also includes cucumbers, squash, gourds and melons. More than a billion pounds of pumpkins are produced annually in the United States, primarily for the fall season.

    A closeup view of sweet corn kernels.

    Growing Sweet Corn

    Sweet corn is distin­guished from other corns by its high sugar content when in the milk, by its early dough stages and by its wrin­kled, translucent kernels when dry.

    Sweet Corn Planting Time 
    Gardening trowel and fork placed in the soil foreground, behind the instruments lay a beautiful green garden following a bright blue sky.

    Grow This

    The garden challenge is a way for individuals, families, and groups to grow food, share tips and ideas, and support gardening in our state. Experienced gardeners, people new to gardening, and everyone in between is welcome to be part of the Grow This! Challenge.

     
    pizza with vegetables on top

    Grow Your Own Pizza Garden

    Did you know that many pizza ingredients come from the garden? Tomatoes, basil, oregano, sweet bell peppers, garlic and onions are just a few of the vegetables that you might find on a slice of pizza.

    salad in white bowl on wooden table with vegetables in the background

    Grow Your Own Salad Garden

    Fresh, green salads are great when they come fresh from the garden. All great vegetables found in salads are very easy to grow.

    raised bed garden

    Raised Bed Gardening

    With the sloped terrain in West Virginia, raised beds are an excellent way to use terraced hillsides for gardening.

    Leaf propagation of a jade plant with the leaflets.

    Succulents 101

    No longer taking a backseat to more traditional plants, succulents are front and center with homeowners. These water-storing beauties are quickly becoming a favorite, lending to their minimal care and variety of shapes, colors and sizes.

    What are Succulents?
    young woman and middle age man plant bulbs

    Fall Planting or Spring Planting

    People often wonder when the best time to plant is – fall or spring. Both seasons are excellent for planting trees, shrubs and herbaceous perennials.

    Fall Planting
    Fall Planting Tips
    Spring Planting
    Spring Planting Tips


    Rooted In Our Heritage

    A woman snaps beans.

    The WVU Extension Service Garden Calendar is produced and distributed each year as a service to West Virginia’s many home gardeners and agricultural producers. The annual calendar is just one of many meaningful projects, programs and outreach efforts provided by WVU Extension Service throughout West Virginia’s 55 counties.

    If you have gardening questions or want more information, please contact your county’s WVU Extension Service office.

    Enjoy this year’s Garden Calendar!

    Download the 2020 Garden Calendar  Get a Garden Calendar at Your Local County Office
    This PDF download is provided as a convenience for printing the document at home.
    The WVU Extension Service is committed to providing reasonable accommodations upon request.

    Note: To print as many Garden Calendars as existing funds allow, the WVU Extension Service may not be able to honor web or email requests for mailed calendars. Please contact your nearest county office to get a calendar. Your understanding is sincerely appreciated.

    Fresh from the Garden Calendar

    Heritage Melons

    Heritage melons grow in the field

    Melons have long been favored for their sweetness and ease of growing with their cultivation having been documented as far back as ancient Egypt.

    Melons are well-suited to West Virginia’s climate and growing season. They are members of the cucurbit family, which includes squash, gourds and cucumbers. Melons are warm season crops and prefer a sunny location with fertile, well drained soil.

    Browse Garden Calendar Articles

    Extension Master Gardener Program

    We’re growing

    The WVU Extension Master Gardener Program provides people interested in gardening with the opportunity to expand their knowledge and sharpen their skills by taking part in Basic/Level 1 and Advanced/Level 2 training programs that provide in-depth training in various aspects of horticulture.

    The program helps residents better understand horticultural and environmental issues through community engagement in gardening and beautification projects at schools, parks, public institutions, community organizations, and locations throughout the state.

    Benefits of becoming a WVU Extension Master Gardener

    Among the many benefits for getting involved with the WVU Extension Master Gardener program, here are the highest-ranking ones:

    • Getting to know more about gardening and horticulture to expand personal horizons and be able to help others
    • Significant improvements in quality of life, including physical activity, social activity, self-esteem and nutrition
    • Offers opportunities for professional development through continuing training opportunities
    • Meeting like-minded people and engaging in the garden activities you are passionate about
    • Opportunities to assume responsibility
    • Encourages individual independence
    • Gaining respect in the community for your newly developed horticultural skills
    • Flexibility to conduct volunteer work

    Learn more about Extension's Master Gardener Program