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Gardening

A bountiful garden is desirable resource. With WVU Extension Service expert advice, learn how to maintain a variety of gardens.

Gardening Guide

person raking leaves to get lawn and garden ready for fall

Getting Ready for Fall

Putting the garden to bed in fall is the first step to a successful garden the following spring. Around the lawn, fall also makes a good time for some general cleanup and preparation for next year.

Five Recommendations to Prepare for Next Year
Three Fall Cleanup Tasks for Next Spring
close up of basil leaves

Growing Basil

Basil is seeded or transplanted outside after the last frost in spring in West Virginia (late May) or earlier if started in a high or low tunnel.

Planting Basil
Basil Care & Maintenance
Harvesting Basil
a clump of beets

Growing Beets

Beets should be seeded early or late enough in the year to grow under cool weather conditions in West Virginia which favors both yield and quality.

Choosing a Beet
Planting Beets
Growing Beets in High or Low Tunnels
Beet Variety Selection
Harvesting Your Beets
various heads of cauliflower in white, yellow and purple in a green bin

Growing Cauliflower

Cauliflower can be grown as a spring or fall crop and it grows best in cool growing environments. Learn suggested varieties for West Virginia.

Watermelons up close.

Growing Melons

Many melon varieties are well-suited to West Virginia’s climate and growing season. When choosing a variety to grow, consider the length of your growing season as well as your flavor preference.

Melon Production
Nutrition of Melons
Choosing Melons
Melon Varieties
Other Considerations for Melons
Popcorn growing on the stalk.

Growing Popcorn

Two types of popcorn are grown: pearl and rice. Pearl popcorn has round smooth kernels, while rice popcorn kernels are elongated.

Growing Popcorn
Pollination Considerations for Popcorn
Popcorn Cultivars
Disease Concern for Popcorn
Harvest of Popcorn
Popcorn Storage
Popcorn Nutrition & Cooking Considerations
A closeup view of sweet corn kernels.

Growing Sweet Corn

Sweet corn is distin­guished from other corns by its high sugar content when in the milk, by its early dough stages and by its wrin­kled, translucent kernels when dry.

Sweet Corn Planting Time 
young woman and middle age man plant bulbs

Fall Planting or Spring Planting

People often wonder when the best time to plant is – fall or spring. Both seasons are excellent for planting trees, shrubs and herbaceous perennials.

Fall Planting
Fall Planting Tips
Spring Planting
Spring Planting Tips

Back to Garden Basics

The cover of WVU Extension's 2019 Garden Calendar features a boy in Mountaineer gear wearing gloves and holding fresh compost. The cover reads Back to Garden Basics.

The WVU Extension Service Garden Calendar is produced and distributed each year as a service to West Virginia’s many home gardeners and agricultural producers. The annual calendar is just one of many meaningful projects, programs and outreach efforts provided by WVU Extension Service throughout West Virginia’s 55 counties.

If you have gardening questions or want more information, please contact your county’s WVU Extension Service office.

Enjoy this year’s Garden Calendar!

Download the 2019 Garden Calendar  Get a Garden Calendar at Your Local County Office
This PDF download is provided as a convenience for printing the document at home.
The WVU Extension Service is committed to providing reasonable accommodations upon request.

Fresh from the Garden Calendar

Companion Planting

Tomato and basil plants companion planted in garden

Companion planting is the practice of growing several different types of crops within close proximity of each other to enhance crop production. Interplanting, the practice of planting different crops between one another, is especially ideal for small gardens to maximize space and improve productivity.

Planting fruits and vegetables with flowers, herbs or other vegetables can provide a number of valuable natural resources to your garden. However, when planning out your garden, consideration needs to be taken to ensure you’re growing supporting plants next to one another rather than competing plants. For instance, onions and beans should not be interplanted. Though onions repel pests for many other crops, it will stunt the growth of beans.

Companion planting can help your garden thrive and be beneficial to plant mates. It can help deter harmful pests, provide support for crops, improve soil quality, offer shade to smaller plants, provide weed suppression and attract beneficial insects to your garden. The scents and bright colors of herbs and flowers confuse harmful pests and attract beneficial insects and pollinators.

Browse Garden Calendar Articles

Extension Master Gardener Program

We’re growing

Master Gardener facebook cover

The WVU Extension Master Gardener Program provides people interested in gardening with the opportunity to expand their knowledge and sharpen their skills by taking part in Basic/Level 1 and Advanced/Level 2 training programs that provide in-depth training in various aspects of horticulture.

The program helps residents better understand horticultural and environmental issues through community engagement in gardening and beautification projects at schools, parks, public institutions, community organizations, and locations throughout the state.

Learn more about Extension's Master Gardener Program