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Get information about some of West Virginia's most notable animals. Learn more about managing issues associated with wildlife as well.

Browse the West Virginia Wildlife Guide

WVU Extension specialists and agents are knowledgeable about wildlife species and how to identify different animals, as well as management practices useful to property owners and residents.

Wildlife Guide

A hoary bat hanging upside down from tree branch


There are at least 14 species of bats in West Virginia. West Virginia bats range in size from the eastern small-footed myotis to the hoary bat.

Benefits of Bats
bluejay eating peanuts on the snow


When left unmanaged, bird feeders can cause disease spread, attract exotic species, such as European Starlings.

Backyard Feeding Basics


West Virginia has an annual regulated trapping season where coyotes can be harvested, along with a continuous open hunting season on coyotes.

two female white-tailed deer, one runs away


female white-tail deer in a lawn area about to eat shurbs

Deer Damage

male and femal feral swine with young in a late winter grassy area

Feral Swine

Feral swine make up one of the two populations of “wild pigs” that exist within West Virginia; the other population is wild boar.

habitat including stream and wooded area


black and orange monarch butterfly on clover

Milkweed and Monarch Conservation

A muskrat eating next to a water source.


copperhead snake

Avoiding Snake Encounters

Of the roughly 20 species of snakes found in West Virginia, only two species are venomous: the Timber Rattlesnake and the Northern Copperhead.

Eastern gray squirrel on a table.

Tree Squirrels

The eastern gray squirrel and eastern fox squirrel are common small game species found throughout West Virginia. The red squirrel is most commonly found within the more coniferous forests in the eastern portion of the state.

Meadow Vole


Voles are semi-fossorial (partly or sometimes found digging and living underground) and are most often noticed by runways through grass, thatch, mulch or leaf litter above the soil layer instead of by the raised tunnels produced by the burrowing moles.

Wildlife Issues